Tattoo Removal

Tattoo Removal & Fading

  • unwanted Tattoos can be removed gradually over a series of treatments
  • fading a tattoo is perfect prior to a cover-up tattoo
  • the light-wave laser breaks down tattoo ink into tiny fragments, which are then absorbed into the bloodstream and safely passed out of the body
  • numbing cream can be applied by the client 1 hr before treatment, if preferred (not to be applied prior to test patch)
  • test patch and consultation is compulsory prior to first full treatment.


Test patch £20 refunded on first full treatment

1-2cm area (small) £60
course of x3 £145
course of x6 £270

2-6cm area (medium) £90
course of x3 £215
course of x6 £405

6-10cm area £110
course of x3 £265
course of x6 £495

NdYag stands for neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet which is a crystal that is used as a medium for laser treatments.
In Q switched mode the NdYag produces two wavelengths, one in the infrared range (1064nm) and a second beam of 532nm wavelength which is useful for superficial skin lesions. Q Switching refers to the technique of making the laser produce a high intensity beam in very short pulses. Machines that are not Q Switched cannot provide the desired results as they are not powerful enough to shatter the tattoo ink particles.

When a permanent tattoo is placed in the skin, it is placed deep in the dermis. The tattoo remains in the skin because the body’s immune response to remove the tattoo (known as macrophages) finds that the tattoo particles are too large for the macrophages to remove also the immune response of wound healing means collagen builds and surrounds the tattoo essentially ‘locking’ it into place.

When a Q Switched laser comes into contact with a tattoo, the laser light is absorbed by the tattoo ink creating a ‘photo acoustic shock wave’ that releases the heat from the tattoo and shatters it into minute particles. When this response shatters the particles, it’s known as a ‘photo mechanical effect’.

Once the ink particles are shattered into minute pieces, they can then be carried away by the macrophages and then disposed of through the body’s lymphatic system through the kidneys and then through the urine.

What kind of tattoos can we treat?

*Professional tattoos- placed 2-3mm into the dermis and usually with colours and dense ink. These tattoos can be harder to remove.

*Amateur tattoos- Usually blue and black inks and not as deep, ink may be less dense. These are easier to remove than professional tattoos.

*Semi Permanent Make Up- the depth of these tattoos is less deep but the pigment can contain iron pigments that do not respond well to laser treatment. Also there are limitations to treatment in high risk areas such as eye liner for example.

What colour tattoos can we remove?

In principle the laser can remove all kinds of tattoos however since all tattoos are not the same in terms of colour, depth of ink and chemical composition, some may respond differently. It is good practice to test patch a small area of the tattoo first before carrying out a full treatment.

Previous methods for tattoo removal

*Surgical removal- expensive, must be performed by a surgeon, will require a skin graft and a risk of scarring

*Microdermabrasion- risk of scarring and not deep enough to remove all pigment

*Bleaching creams- not medically approved, wouldn’t penetrate deep enough to significantly fade a tattoo.

*High Ionic Strength Salting- a procedure using the osmosis effect to lift the tattoo out of the skin by bringing it up to the

epidermal top layer of skin and shedding normally. The salted ink used can cause an adverse reaction leading to scarring

Immediate/Normal Side Effects

(lasting between 20 minutes to a few hours)

  1. As the NdYag Q Switched laser hits the tattoo pigment, it will make a loud cracking noise when the tattoo ink absorbs the photo shock wave. This is completely normal and will lessen as the tattoo fades over the course of treatments.
  2. White gas bubbles (frosting) may rise on the skin immediately. This is a good sign that head has been released from the shattered ink particles. These bubbles will usually disappear within 20 minutes of treatment.
  3. Pin prick bleeding may occur due to the tiny blood vessels in the skin erupting. This stops very quickly.
  4. Skin redness may be persistent and temporary swelling due to the heat and high intensity of the treatment.